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CFC Channel Frequency Class Module

The Society of Automotive Engineers and the international ISO CFC Filter outline methods for assessment of injury potential from impacts and jolts. Testing typically requires the analysis of accelerations and forces generated during impact tests and obtained from transducers mounted in human-like manikins and test forms.

The SAE J211 standard requires signals from impact tests to be filtered using one of four channel frequency classes (CFC) of low-pass filters and specifies acceptable frequency response for each filter class. The four filters are designated as CFC 60, 180, 600, and 1000. The specification was derived from an analog Butterworth filter prototype where the cut-off frequency is set to 5/3 times the CFC frequency. The filter classes are typically employed in the following impact test scenarios:

SAE J211, ISO 6487 Filter Classes and Application

Structural Instrumentation
Total Vehicle Comparison/Simulations/Sleds CFC60
Component Analysis CFC600
Integrations (velocity/displacement) CFC180
Load cells
Steering Column CFC600
Barrier Force/Seat Belt Load Cells CFC60
Dummy Instrumentation
Accelerations CFC1000
Forces CFC1000
Moments CFC600
Spine Accelerations CFC180
Rib Accelerations CFC1000
Sternum Accelerations CFC1000
Deflections CFC600
Forces/Moments CFC1000
Accelerations/Forces/Moments CFC1000
Femur/Lower Leg
Forces/Moments CFC600
Displacements CFC600

Digital Implementation

The DADiSP/CFC Module implements a 4 pole digital Butterworth low pass filter by passing the data forward and then backward through a 2 pole filter. The resulting series has no phase shift and corresponds to either the SAE J211 or ISO 5487 CFC filter specification.

The 2 pole filter is realized efficiently in the time domain with a simple difference equation:

  y[n] = b1 y[n-1] + b2 y[n-2] + a0 x[n] + a1 x[n-1] + a2 x[n-2]

where the aN and bN coefficients are derived from the 2 pole digital Butterworth filter designed using the Bilinear Transform method.

Segment Padding

To mitigate the non-causal effects of the filter on data with large transients, the beginning and end segments of the input can be padded with a mirror image. The new initial conditions for the filter equation are then computed and the padded data is filtered.

Fast Computation

The DADiSP/CFC Module applies a CFC filter using a fast and direct algorithm originally developed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The method automatically applies the necessary segment padding and is extremely efficient for very large datasets.

Flexible Analysis

The DADiSP/CFC module supports all four standard frequency classes. Custom frequency classes are also supported. Both the SAE J211 and ISO 6487 standards are available and multiple segment padding methods may be selected.

One Step Processing

The design and processing of data with a CFC filter is accomplished in one easy step. Both an interactive dialog box interface and simple command line functions are provided. For example, to process acceleration data in Window 1 with a SAE J211 compliant CFC 60 filter:

  bwfiltsae(w1, 60)

To use an ISO 6487 CFC filter:

  bwfiltiso(W1, 60)

The dialog box interface makes selecting and processing data with a CFC filter as simple as a mouse click.


DADiSP/CFC requires DADiSP 6.7 B01 or higher. Contact us for information about updating your current version of DADiSP.

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